Their culture is epitomised by extraordinarily lifelike and dynamic statues of people and several large carved Stone-heads.If the Olmecs are to be in any way gauged on their art, they appear to have been an almost multi-cultural society, with several genotypes present, including Oriental, Negroid and European (bearded). 600 BC - 700 AD) - The Zapotec civilisation flourished in the Valley of Oaxaca of southern Mesoamerica.Archaeological and linguistic data has also now enabled scholars to determine some of the migrations within the Americas.Much has been written about the American Indian lifestyle, but the portrayal of Indians as war-painted savages still prevails in literature and on the screen.Three other roughly contemporaneous hearths dated to between 26,000 and 28,000 years B. The seven superimposed hearths varied in size from 60 to 170 cm in diameter and contained many small fragments of burned bone (Lorenzo and Mirambell 193).P., while the two hearths producing the sites limiting dates dated to 37,694 1963 and 21,468 458 years B. Monte Verde, Chile: Meltzer wrote (19), "The Monte Verde site in Chile is the most viable pre-Clovis candidate, although for now neither it nor any other site resolves when or by which route humans first came to the Americas." According to Adovasio (the excavator of Meadowcroft) and Pedler (193), Monte Verde, with its exceptionally well preserved organic material and artefacts radiocarbon dated to between 12,500 and 13,000 years B. "may prove to be the seminal archaeological site that will finally prevail over the Clovis-first model." Monte Verde was excavated from 1977 to 1985 and analyzed by more than 70 collaborating researchers.Two Mexican sites continue years after their excavation to be proposed as valid pre-Clovis sites. Lorenzo and Mirambell (199) recently concluded that "these dates provide clear evidence of human activity at the site about 22,000 years ago." At the site a prismatic obsidian blade found under a tree trunk dated to 23,950 950 years B. was obsidian hydration dated to between 21,250 and 25,000 years B. P., a circular scraper manufactured from microcrystalline quartz by direct percussion (Lorenzo and Mirambell 191).
All the specialists agreed that there were indisputable human artifacts in a primary depositional context mantled by a peat layer and without indication of materials deriving from later depositional horizons at the site (Adovasio and Pedler 198).Some tools were buried 22,000 years ago thousands of years earlier than any known human colonisation of the Americas'.'DNA from dried human excrement recovered from Oregon's Paisley Caves is the oldest found yet in the New World -- dating to 14,300 years ago, some 1,200 years before Clovis culture -- and provides genetic ties to Siberia or Asia, according to an international team of 13 scientists'.According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they had been living on this continent since their genesis, as described by a wide range of traditional creation stories.
However, genetic and linguistic data connect the indigenous people of this continent with ancient northeast Asians.
The earliest traces of cultures in Peru are found in the Caral-Supe culture on the northern coast, predating the Olmecs by at least a millennium (c. Other important Peruvian cultures include the Chavin, Nazca, Moche, and Tiahuanacan.